Medical research shows that 6 in 10 people with type 2 diabetes show no symptoms. This is because the warning signs don’t always make the person feel unwell.
Type 2 is different from type 1 where the person’s pancreas produces no insulin at all and is therefore dependent on daily injections.
With type 2 the insulin your body makes can’t work effectively or doesn’t produce enough.
This can, however, be reversed by eating a healthy diet and by making some lifestyle changes, type 2 is however linked to more serious conditions which can cause complications such as damaging the heart, eyes, feet, and kidneys.
With the correct treatment and lifestyle changes as with type 1, type 2 is possible to live with.
Here, we take you through the key seven signs to watch out for…
- Peeing more than usual
Needing to go to the toilet more than usual is a common sign of the condition.
This is because after a long period, the pancreas – which produces the insulin – becomes so tired that it can no longer produce enough insulin. As a result of this, the body will have high levels of blood sugar which then gets passed into the urine to try to excrete it from the body.
That’s why you need to pee more and it might smell slightly sweeter than usual.
- Feeling thirsty all the time
Due to high blood sugar levels, the person can then experience dehydration. In extreme cases, the person may experience polydipsia, a form of extreme thirst.
Diabetes can also prevent the body from absorbing fluids, thus creating a vicious cycle if the condition is not being managed correctly.
Polydipsia can leave a person feeling an overwhelming need for water, have a very dry mouth or feel dizzy.
- Afternoon slump and tiredness
Many people describe feeling tired, lethargic or fatigued at times. This is due to having either too high or too low blood sugar.
In either case, the tiredness is the result of having an imbalance between one’s level of blood glucose and the amount or effectiveness of circulating insulin.
If you feel tired during the day, despite having slept well, it could be a result of either high or low sugar levels.
- Losing weight without trying to
Unexplained weight loss can also be a warning sign of diabetes.
In people with diabetes, insufficient insulin prevents the body from getting glucose from the blood into the body’s cells to use as energy.
The body will then start to use its stored body fat and muscles for the energy that it needs and leads to weight loss.
- Genital itching or thrush
Type 2 diabetes will have high blood glucose levels and is the perfect conditions for yeast to grow. The body struggles to fight off a normal yeast infection and the high glucose content in your urine adds to the yeast grow issue in your genitals.
- Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
If you find a cut is taking longer than it should to heal or develops into sores, this is often an indication of diabetes.
The high blood glucose caused by diabetes can over some time affect your nerve endings and lead to poor blood circulation. This makes it harder for wounds to heal, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible as wounds left unhealed can lead to more serious infections and worse case gangrene which leads to amputation.
- Blurred vision
Type 2 diabetes, just like type 1 can lead to vision loss, so you must have your eyes checked regularly and control your diabetes with the assistance of your doctor.